Tuesday, October 25, 2011

MEDICINES FOR PETS AND STRAYS

I am not a qualified vet. So all these medicines are given only as per my experience. Please consult a vet for what medicine is best for your pet and what amount has to be given.
Also, if your dog/ cat is injured or has any other health issue, please do not post a comment here. Check my blog- www.vetsinindia.blogspot.com and get your pet checked by a qualified vet and get the correct treatment done. 

1.DEWORMING
LIQUID- Albomar(animal medicine)/ Nemocid (human medicine)
0.2 ml x 1 time a day, for 3 days(PRE WEANED KITTENS)
0.5 ml x 1 time a day, for 3 days(KITTENS ABOVE 1.5 MONTHS)
1 ml x 1 time a day, for 3 days(PUPS/ADULT CATS)

TABLETS- Drontal, Worex(BOTH NOT SUITABLE FOR CATS), Prazi plus, Praziquentel, Pyrantel, Plozin (animal medicines), Zentel, Mebex (human medicines)
1/4 tablet x 1 time, every 30 days (PUPS, after they are 2 months old)
1/2 tablet x 1 time, every 45 days to 60 days (CATS/ PUPS ABOVE 6 MTHS)
1 tablet x 1 time a day for 2 days (ADULT DOGS above 25 kilos, every 6 months)

Prazivet is a deworming tablet specially made for cats, and it takes care of tapeworms, round worms also.

Use liquid medicine for younger animals like puppies and kittens rather than tablets. Tablet can be given after the animal is 3 to 4 months old Adult cats and dogs (over 2 years) dont need to be dewormed frequently. If your pet shows signs of worms, then deworm them, if they dont, deworm once in 6 months or so or check with your vet for the schedule.
Also, tablets like Drontal, Worex etc, have dosage as per body weight of your animal, so please check the weight of the animal before giving the medicine (preferably speak to your vet and get a recommendation/ suggestion).
SYMPTOMS OF WORMS- Worms in stools (long white worms like threads) or very tiny ones seen near anus, scooting (rubbing anal region on ground in sitting position), bloated stomach, not eating food or over eating, loss of weight even after eating food properly, pale gums (anemia) for no reason.
Worms are also caused by fleas, who lay eggs on the body of animal, which is then licked while grooming. So it is very important that when you deworm your pet/street animal, there are no fleas on their body. If there are fleas, then deworming will not have as much effect and worms will come back. First, treat the animal for fleas and after a couple of days when the fleas are gone, then do the deworming.


2. VOMITTING
LIQUID- Domstal/ Perinorm/ Ondem (human medicine)
0.2ml x 1 time, every hour till vomitting stops (KITTENS/PUPS)
0.5ml x 1 time, every hour till vomitting stops (CATS)

If your pet/ stray is vomitting blood or passing blood in urine, please CONSULT VET IMMEDIATELY. The animal may be poisoned and need urgent medication. If your cat or pup vomits only once or twice, no need for medication. It may just have an upset stomach or something which will get cured after giving proper food. Only if the vomitting is more than 3 to 4 times in a day, prefer giving medicine.


3. LOOSE MOTIONS
LIQUID- Metrogyl/ Normetrogyl/ Flagyl/ Dyrade m (human baby medicines)
1ml x 2 times a day (CATS/PUPS)

Results show that use of metronidazole (Metrogyl, Normetrogyl) in cats, causes kidney failure. So please check with a vet and only then give medicine to a kitten/ cat. On the other hand, pinch of isabgol(dry) in food, also helps in taking care of loosies in kittens (but not to be used frequently). If your animal has loose motions, please see to it that it is hydrated. Try giving it 1ml water every 2 hours or so, so that water is retained in the body. Also, along with the above medication, give Neutrolin-B, which is a syrup to make immunity stronger.


4.CONSTIPATION
LIQUID- Neopeptine/ liquid Paraffin (human medicine)
1ml x 1 time a day (CATS/PUPS)

ISABGOL
1/4 TEASPOON x 1 time a day (CATS)
1 teaspoon x 1 time a day (DOGS)

Mix isabgol in water for atleast 15 mins or so and it will form a paste, which can be mixed in food. Since isabgol is a natural fiber, it is not harmful to pets (overuse can lead to anal fissures). Also, dont give it for a prolonged time. Give it for a couple of days in a week (only if the animal shows signs of constipation). On other hand, Bhindi juice is also a good laxative. Boil 2 sliced Bhindis in 1 cup water, boil it down to 1/2 cup. You can give cats 1 tablespoon of this liquid mixed in food (in a day), and to dogs you can give half a cup. Leave out seeds as it can lead to urine crystals.


5. MULTIVITAMIN
LIQUID- Osteopet(animal medicine mostly for calcium)
1ml x 1 time a day (CATS/PUPS)
2ml x 2 times a day (DOGS)

Verol (animal medicine)
0.5ml x 2 times a day (KITTENS/ CATS/ PUPS)

Even though these are multivitamin medicines, please see to it that your animal gets all required nutrition from the food it eats. Overuse of any medicine is not good for animals health. Only if vet suggests or if the animal is rescued in a bad condition, it needs to be given this medication. Healthy animals, dont need vitamin suppliments.


6. LIVER WEAKNESS/ INDIGESTION
LIQUID- Livjivan (animal medicine) Bestozyme (human enzyme medicine)
0.2 ml x 1 time a day (KITTENS)
0.5ml x 1 time a day (PUPPY)
1ml x 1 time a day (CATS)
2/3 ml x 2 times a day (DOGS, depending on size)


7. HAIR/ EYES
LIQUID- Vitabest/ Vitapet (animal medicine)
1ml x 1 time a day (PUPS/ CATS)
3ml x 1 time a day (DOGS)

This is codliver oil, which helps the coat to become shiny and reduces hairfall due to change in weather. It also helps in having good eyesight.


8. FLATULENCE
LIQUID- Digyton (animal medicine), Perinorm (human medicine)
0.5ml x 1 time a day (PUPS/ CATS)
1ml x 2 times a day (DOGS)

Sometimes, cats dont react well to Digyton. It is not very effective in them, so try Perinorm instead (Perinorm is for general nausea, upset stomach)


9. EYE INFECTION
LIQUID- Oflox/ Ciplox (eye and ear human medicine))
Put a 1 drop directly into the eyes 2 times a day.

Pyremon drops put 1 drop directly into the eyes 2 times a day


10. TICKS/ FLEAS
LIQUID- Neem oil (NOT FOR CATS)
Rub Neem oil in opposite direction to hair growth. All the fleas will jump off the animal and ticks will die in a couple of days. For skin problems, rub the oil and leave it on the animal (for strays, incase of pets, you can shampoo after a day). Rub it every couple of days, till the allergy goes away. Since it is not chemical based, it does not affect the dog if licked.

I have put a couple of drops of Tincture Iodine also on ticks and have seen good results. Tincture Iodine is already a antiseptic medicine and the ticks die and fall the next day if a couple of drops are put directly on it.

LIQUID- Nilgiri/ Eucalyptus oil with coconut oil or water
Since cats have a habit of grooming themselves by licking the body, Neem oil causes vomitting in them, so prefer a mixture of Nilgiri and Coconut oil or warm water. Take 1 drop of Nilgiri oil with 4 drops of pure Coconut oil (not prefumed hair oil), mix it in palm and then apply it on body of kitten/ cat. If the fleas ticks are not gone after ONE application, then repeat after 3 to 4 days. Only in case of severe infection repeat after one day. Stop using after the fleas and ticks are gone. You can probably apply once in 15 to 20 days to keep them free from fleas.

Fleas tend to genrally stay on animals who dont have a good immune system. So if your pet has frequent tick/flea problem, it means that your pet is not healthy enough. You can take it to a vet to know if there is any health reason that is making your pet weak.



POWDER- Notix (NOT MEANT FOR CATS)
Take little powder in hand, and rub it on the animal. If it is a small pup, then take very little quantity. For dogs, u can take more, but please ensure that it is not going to be licked.

Do not use on cats and kittens, as they lick themselves too often. Please DO NOT try to pluck ticks out of animals. Ticks attach themselves to body parts, and when plucked, cause a bleeding in dogs. Also, if the sucker of the tick is left in the body, then it may cause infection of that area. So avoid plucking ticks from animals. Use medicine/ powder instead and let them fall off naturally.


11. MAGGOTS
crush Ivermectin tablet (use least strength, 6mg), and dab the powder on the wound, cover it with onitment like soframycin or cotton. Repeat next day if maggots are still alive. Clean the wound with Tincture Iodine (dosent burn) or any Iodine solution and apply Acrilin or Hymax ointment. If tablet is not available, Ivermectin injection can also be sprayed on the wound. (Injection should not be given without consulting a vet). DO NOT use Chloroform or Camphor tablets in any form on animals unless you are a vet yourself! (Chloroform burns a lot, and the animal will be in too much pain and overdose can also kill the animal, so please dont use unless you are experienced in handling the animal or using medicine)

Topicure spray is also very useful in this case. Spray the area with Topicure and continue till wound heals. Eucalyptus oil can also be poured on the wound.

A lot of people pour Phenyl or Petrol on maggots and say that the animal got cured. People, reading this blog, please please dont use such chemicals on animals. These are very harmful to the animals and if licked, will cause poisoning to them.


12. WOUND
If it is not a maggot wound, then apply a few drops of Tincture Iodine (red liquid) on the wound. It does not hurt a lot and is ok if licked.
Topicure can also be sprayed on the injured area.
Acrilin/Kailash Jeevan can be applied on the injured part. If the wound is deep or big, then it should also be covered in Hymax, as it will not allow flies to sit on the wound and lay eggs.
Neosporin powder/ Negasunt powder can be dabbed on the wound, it will make the wound dry and will heal faster.


13. BLEEDING
If any animal is found bleeding a lot, then put Turmeric or Tincture Iodine or Tincture Benzoine or Potassium Permanganate crystals on the wound and hold it till it stops bleeding. Even ice can be applied in that area, if animal allows (Since the animal is already loosing blood, see to it that the animal dosent get hypothermic). Put the part above the heart level, or at a higher level than rest of body, so blood dosent flow out.
Liquid Hemlock can also be poured to stop bleeding.


14. RASHES
A lot of times you see red boils on your cats and dogs, which probably are due to a insect bite or some allergy. If your pet shows discomfort, you can apply Caladryl (human lotion) on the affected area. DO NOT apply over whole body, apply only on affected areas. Caladryl will form a layer over the area, so care needs to be taken that the animal dosent lick it. It maybe dangerous to allow the animal to lick and ingest it, so keep a watch on the pet after the application.


15. MANGE
If the dog has dry or flaky skin which has turned black and there is no hair in that area, it probably has mange. You can try applying Neem oil every 2 days and apply till the dog starts getting hair back. If the condition is serious, you can also mix equal amount of coconut oil in the Neem oil, add powdered form of Sulphur and Camphor and make a paste. This paste can be applied on the body of the dog 2 times a week. Continue the application till the dog shows signs of healing.
I will also suggest that if this is recurring, it will be better to get the dog checked with a qualified vet and skin/ blood test should be done to know the root cause of this infection.





HOMEOPATHY MEDICINES

Arnica Mont. 1M - for injury and pain - 3 doses a day. You can give 4 doses a day if pain is acute (e.g. after accident) - or even every 2 hours up to 6 doses in the day until the dog gets help. However, reduce to 3 doses later.

Aconite Nap. 1M - for shock and fear (e.g. after accident when there is no injury but the animal shows signs of shock - lying immobile, staring, rapid breathing, pale gums, shivering)

Phosphorus 200 - for uncontrollable bleeding. If very severe (eg artery severed and blood gushing) give one dose every 15 minutes, then as the bleeding lessens, give it every 30 minutes, then every 2 hours, then every 4 hours and then stop once the bleeding stops completely. It's very important not to overdose.

Calendula Q Mother tincture - pour on wounds for quicker healing

27 comments:

  1. Where was this blog all this time!!! Thank you for this very informative post! You are doing a great work!

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  2. to add to the list
    Sulpher powdered and mixed with coconut oil applied to skin infections works wonders
    you get sulpher(gandhak) at a local grocers shop panwari or banya ......ignore the weird looks you will get when you ask for sulpher (its used to make bombs!) and just tell them you need it for khujli....

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  3. Thanks for this informative post. Keep up the good work Ma'am. Serves as a ready reckoner when I am with my friends on the road. (friends=dogs ;)

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  4. these tips are really very valuable, thank your very much for sharing!

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  5. very useful,thanks a lot

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  6. Thanks Charu... Photo's been having loosies for well over a week, esp since his operation. Vet told me today to give him metrogyl and your blog only re-validated it :)

    He recommended 2 ml, twice a day as dosage though.

    Cheers

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  7. Thank you so much for posting such a very informative blog.I wish i had found this blog a lot earlier!

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  8. wonderful blog...very helpful...thanks a ton...

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  9. Thanx for the information...please keep updating with more everyday useful info for the people like us who love and try to take care of all the animals whether own pets or not:)!

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  10. Hey, this is brilliant, i help run Goa Dog Trust, a small charity .Your comments are very useful, natural and economic. Please keep up this brilliant blog, and feel free to contact us www.goadogtrust.com . By the way, any suggestions for Mainge? Regards Atul

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  11. hi great blog....very informative...and thw medicines are very safe too!

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  12. hi. thank you for this blog. can you also share the medicine for ear infection.
    Sunita

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  13. This may come very effective. I would try it definitely.

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  14. Am so glad i found your blog. Wonderful ready reckoner!

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  15. You mentioned Nilgiri i.e. Eucalyptus oil for cats. But to my knowledge, this oil contains Phenols and all phenols are highly dangerous to cats. They cause renal failure or at the very least renal damage. This includes domestic disinfectants like phenyl... napthalene (ie moth) balls... and even vicks vaporub. I would recommend checking with a good vet about using Nilgiri/Eucalyptus oil on cats because to my knowledge its very unsafe.

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  16. Hi. To my knowledge, Nilgiri / Eucalyptus oil contains phenols, and phenols are highly toxic for cats' kidneys. The list of phenols includes household cleaners like phenyl, napthalene moth balls, even vicks vaporub. I would therefore recommended cross-checking with a good feline vet about Nilgiri/Eucalyptus oil usage on cats.

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  17. Its really nice to have this much medicine list for my pets. There always be some need of medicines for different and your post gives me a lot options. Thanks for creating and sharing this great list.

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  18. Hey this is highly informative. I have a GSD (2 months old) & I am very possessive about him. This blog is really gonna help. Great stuff!!!

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  19. Very very useful info!! Has helped me alot!! Thank u

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  20. thanks so much - this is really a big help!

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  21. This information is very useful who have donnt know about the what volume give a anlmal its help me in this work very thank s for this information

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  22. Thanks a ton...!
    This blog is great and very helpful..!

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  23. Varghese - wonderful, thanks for the guidanceSeptember 7, 2014 at 9:03 PM

    Thanks, very useful because taking the pets frequently to Vet Doctor can be avoided for small reasons which the pet faces.

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  24. Thanks a lot. Will share with all friends who are looking after strays

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